Tuesday, February 24, 2009

Sharing on Accessibility with Miss Tan Chin Chin

Last two weeks ago our special guest, MissTan Chin Chin has came to our class and share her experince and knowledge about accessibility. Before this, we don't have so much information about (persons with disabilities) OKU. Sometime we confuse about this issue because, we think that all facilities provided are suitable for them. We has learn a lot from her and now we will share the information with all of you.


disabled persons can, without assistance, approach, enter, pass to and from, and make use of a built environment without undue difficulties (Society of the Disabled Persons Penang’s website)

Areas to be considered

•Step ramp
•Pathways and corridors
•Parking space
•Steps and stairs
•Tactile surface / Guilding block

•Drainage grating
•Overhead hazards
•Public phone
•ATM machice
•Service counter
•Storage spaces, etc

Understanding Space Requirements

Typical dimensions of wheelchairs commonly used by adults

•Minimum floor space required to accommodate a wheelchair user

Minimum clear turning space


Minimum floor space required

Reach range for person in wheelchair

Forward Reach

Side Reach



•Wide should be minimum 1200mm
•Handrails should be provided: (1) at both side, (2) at correct height (and also its diameter), (3) extend horizontally beyond the top and bottom of the ramp with minimum 300 mm
•Raised kerb at open edge – to avoid accident
•Gradient – not steeper than 1:12
•Should have a landing space (1200mm min.) for every 600mm


•Wide: not less than 3600mm
•A sign incorporating the symbol for access by disabled persons should be visible
•Access route from parking lots to the building should be accessible by wheel chair users.


•3 methods of wheelchair transfer:
–frontal transfer
–side transfer
–diogonal transfer

Toilet for Disabled Person

Source:Code of Accessibility in the built environment 2007 Singapore